One of the most defining moments in the US history was the Japanese “surprise” attack on Pearl Harbor, where it carried out the USA government to war. Without this attack and without American participation in Western Europe, the form of the postwar world may well have been totally Different.
But the bigger picture is, was the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941 really a surprise? The Pearl harbor conspiracy theory: There’s plenty of evidence out there that suggest the President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew about the attack and kept it a secret to promote his war time aspiration. Others have claimed he tricked the Japanese into starting a war with the United States as a “back door” way to go to war with Japans ally, Nazi Germany. Though, no article or reliable witness has been exposed that proves either claim. Most researchers view Pearl Harbor as the consequence of missed clues, intelligence errors, and bullishness.
We are now in this war. We are all in it—all the way. Every single man, woman, and child is a partner in the most tremendous undertaking of our American history. We must share together the bad news and the good news, the defeats and the victories—the changing fortunes of war.”
-Franklin Roosevelt, Fireside Chat, December 9, 1941.
Pearl Harbor Conspiracy Theory: The reasons behind the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 it takes back nearly a decade before. During the 1930s, Japan started to expand its borders, lodging Manchuria and then increasing a full-scale invasion of China in 1937. In September 1940, after the fall of France, Japan held part of French Indo-China and hired a mutual defense pact with Germany and Italy.
America opposite this expansion and President Roosevelt cast-off a diversity of methods to try to discourage Japan. During the late 1930s, FDR began providing partial support to the Chinese government. In 1940, he moved the Pacific fleet from the mainland to the naval base at Pearl Harbor as a show of American power. He also tried to address a increasing strains with Japan over diplomacy.
When Japan held southern French Indo-China in July 1941, Roosevelt answered by freezing Japanese resources in the United States and ending sales of oil to Japan. Japan’s military depended upon American oil. Without this oil, Japan’s military would soon chore to a break.
Japan selected to continue its diplomatic talks with the United States while at the same time surreptitiously preparing for a coordinated attack through the Pacific. Japan’s leaders expected that a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor would abolish American resolution and cripple the U.S. Navy for at least six months, giving Japan time to unite its new kingdom.